A hernia is when an organ or tissue bulges through a section of the muscle wall that usually holds it in place. Hernias can occur in different parts of the body and can cause pain, discomfort, and sometimes severe complications if left untreated.
How a Hernia Surgery Works
Hernia repair surgery is a procedure that aims to fix the hernia. Hernia repair surgery can be done with different techniques. The approach depends on several factors, such as the hernia's type, size, location, the patient's health and preference, and the surgeon's experience and recommendation.
How to Prepare for a Hernia Repair Surgery
If you are scheduled to have hernia repair surgery, here are some tips on how to prepare for it:
- Stop smoking before the surgery because smoking slows healing and causes infections
- Stop taking blood thinners, such as aspirin, warfarin, or clopidogrel, before the surgery after consulting with your doctor
- Do blood work, medical evaluation, chest X-ray, and an electrocardiogram (EKG) depending on your age and medical condition
Make sure to also remember to arrange to take the appropriate time off work and have someone to help you at home. Take time to recover after the surgery and avoid strenuous activities that may strain your abdominal muscles.
Right Before the Surgery
There are steps you can take to prepare yourself right before the surgery, including the following:
- Shower or bathe the morning or evening before the surgery
- Use a mild antibacterial soap to clean your abdomen and reduce the risk of infection
- Follow the dietary restrictions and instructions on taking medications from your healthcare provider
- Fast from food and liquids before the surgery to prevent nausea, vomiting, and aspiration during anesthesia
You may also need to adjust your dose of insulin or oral diabetes medications if you have diabetes.
Coming Home From the Surgery
Arrange for someone to take you home after the surgery. Most surgeries are outpatient, meaning you can go home on the same day. However, you cannot drive yourself because of the effects of anesthesia and painkillers. Leave your jewelry and valuables at home or with a trusted friend or family member. You will need to remove them before the surgery.
Bring comfortable, loose-fitting clothes and slip-on shoes after the surgery. This will make it easier for you to change and avoid putting pressure on your surgical site. By following these steps, you can prepare yourself for a successful hernia repair surgery and a smooth recovery.
Contact a local doctor to learn more about hernia repair surgery.