Common Types Of Allergic Reactions That Require Medical Attention
Allergic reactions come in various forms, ranging from minor to severe and requiring medical intervention. You should be aware of the signs and symptoms associated with each type so you can make an informed decision about whether or not to seek help from a medical professional.
This article will discuss two of the most common types of allergic reactions requiring medical attention.
Anaphylactic shock is among the most serious types of allergic reactions and can occur quite suddenly. It involves a severe, life-threatening response to a foreign substance that has entered the body, such as certain foods, bee stings, or medications.
Symptoms usually develop quickly and include hives, swelling of the face or throat, difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, and a rapid or irregular heartbeat. Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency that requires immediate attention from a medical professional.
When you experience anaphylaxis, adrenalin is released into the bloodstream to help combat the allergen. This often causes blood pressure to drop quickly, leading to shock. The drop in blood pressure means that the heart does not have enough oxygenated blood flowing through it, which can result in cardiac arrest or stroke.
If you experience an anaphylactic shock, see a doctor immediately so you are provided with treatments such as adrenaline injections and steroids. These treatment options help reduce airway inflammation, and other medications like antihistamines can relieve mild symptoms.
Anaphylactic shock can be prevented through education on what allergens to avoid as well as how to recognize signs of an allergic reaction early on if you are accidentally exposed to something you are allergic to. People who suffer from allergies should also carry EpiPens or other forms of injectable adrenaline with them at all times in case they experience a reaction away from medical help.
Contact dermatitis is an allergic reaction that occurs when the skin comes into contact with a foreign substance. It often appears as red, itchy patches or welts on the skin that can be uncomfortable and painful.
Common causes of contact dermatitis are exposure to certain plants, metals, detergents, fragrances, and latex. It may also be caused by contact with irritants such as heat or cold, which can lead to a burning sensation on the skin.
If you suspect a severe case of contact dermatitis, see your doctor right away to receive an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. Treatments may include over-the-counter or prescription topical corticosteroids, antibiotics for infection, and antihistamines to reduce itching.
You might also need to make lifestyle changes, such as avoiding exposure to certain triggers or wearing protective clothing when in contact with irritants.
Contact a health care center for more information.