Spinal surgery involves procedures that are performed to correct spinal problems, injuries, or deformities. Spinal surgery is used to treat conditions such as fractures of the spinal bones or spinal discs that have shifted out of place or ruptured. It also includes surgeries done to take pressure off the spinal cord if it has been compressed due to spinal tumors or spinal cord injury.
Spinal surgery is a life-saving procedure that can help treat the following conditions:
The spinal column acts as your body's support system and protects you by giving the spine flexibility and strength to hold the entire weight of your upper body, such as your head, chest, and arms. Spinal fractures can happen on this column due to fractures of the spinal bones (vertebrae) or by injuring the spinal discs.
The spinal column is formed in such a way that adjacent spinal disks are sandwiched between two spinal vertebrae with its front part called the spinal canal. This spinal canal allows the spinal cord to pass through it. Sometimes spinal stenosis happens when spinal nerve roots are compressed within the tight spinal canal, giving rise to symptoms like pain, numbness, or tingling in the spinal cord area. Spinal stenosis is commonly seen among older adults and often requires spinal surgical treatment.
Spinal tumors can be either benign or malignant. Both of these spinal tumors require surgical treatment. While benign spinal tumors do not spread to other parts of the body, they may cause spinal cord compression, which leads to spinal cord damage and paralysis in some cases.
Spinal cysts are fluid-filled spinal spaces that generally occur due to spinal degeneration or spinal cord injury. The exact treatment for spinal cysts varies from patient to patient, depending on the size and location of the spinal cyst. In case of spinal cord compression caused by spinal-related complications, surgical treatment is required to drain out or remove the spinal fluid collection that causes pressure on the spinal cord and spinal nerves.
The spinal discs are the jelly-like cushions between two spinal vertebrae that act as shock absorbers, allowing flexibility in the spine. Sometimes these spinal discs get ruptured or herniated leading to sciatica or back pain. Ruptured spinal disc herniation can be fixed through spinal surgery.
Spinal surgery is important for spinal cord injuries, spinal stenosis, disc herniation, tumors, and fractures. The aim of spine surgery is to remove the damaged tissue causing these symptoms, relieving pain and allowing you to function normally.